Historical urban population growth data click to download related paper the attached files contain the. The visible and infrared sensors ols collect images across a 3000km swath, providing global coverage twice per day. University of illinois springfield, one of three universities in the worldclass u of i system, is known for educating public servants and leaders. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on. With the help of secretary of the air force heather wilson, the space and missile systems center today unveiled the final defense meteorological support program satellite, dmsp 20, for display at the schriever space complex within the gordon conference center. The archive data set consists of low resolution global and high resolution regional, imagery recorded along a 3,000 km scan, satellite ephemeris and solar and lunar. Nasa earth observatory image by jesse allen and robert simmon, using suomi npp viirs and dmsp ols data provided courtesy of chris elvidge noaa national geophysical data center. And older data set, but available for a relatively long time frame 199220 calibration is uneven, varies between sensor flew on multiple satellites, and there is drift over sensor lifetime. This is an oscillating scan radiometer with lowlight visible and thermal infrared tir imaging capabilities. Visible infrared imaging radiometer suite viirs corrected reflectance imagery is produced in near realtime nrt, providing continuity from the modis corrected reflectance imagery which was developed to provide natural looking images. In cases where two satellites were collecting data two composites were produced. However, the nighttime light data acquired in different years are not directly comparable, due to the variations in atmospheric condition. Dmsp ols single orbits were used to generate a dmsp stable light mosaic for 2002, in which most of the urban settlements with a population higher than 5000 inhabitants were precisely identified. The defense meteorological satellite program dmsp operational linescan system ols has a unique lowlight imaging capability.
The sensor is typically operated at a highgain setting to enable the detection of moonlit clouds. Why viirs data are superior to dmsp for mapping nighttime lights. The photosuite project file type, file format description, and windows programs listed on this page have been individually researched and verified by the fileinfo team. Defense meteorological satellite program wikipedia. Subset of dmsp ols nighttime lights for economic activity, 2010. Use the time slider to see changes in nighttime lights over time, including the growth of cities, areas of oil exploration and gas flaring, and lights used by fishing boats. Air force defense meteorological satellite program dmsp operational linescan system ols has been the only system collecting global low light imaging data. Subset of dmspols nighttime lights for economic activity.
Nighttime lights time series by dmsp satellites 19922012. With this data, it is possible to detect clouds illuminated by moonlight, lights from cities and towns, industrial sites, gas flares, fires, lightning, and aurora. Cloudfree composite dmsp ols data from 1992 to 2010 were acquired from the national oceanic and atmospheric administrations noaa national geophysical data. A series of twentyfour dmsp satellites have collected low light. Is there any dataset about nighttime light that has a finer resolution such as 250m250m than dmsp ols. Nakedeye star visibility and limiting magnitude mapped. The archive data set consists of low resolution global and high resolution regional. A technique for using composite dmspols city lights. Subset of dmsp ols nighttime lights for economic activity, 2010 data set is based on version 4 of the defense meteorological satellite program operational linescan system dmsp ols nighttime lights time series, 2010 annual global composite of radiance lights intercalibrated to the digital number. Downloads subset of dmspols nighttime lights for economic. This is a map displaying the dmsp ols nighttime lights imagery for the years 199220.
Pdf a stepwise calibration of global dmspols stable nighttime. Mission notice for related events, please see event log database in the table above. Want to be notified of new releases in chrisvwnrnightlights. The designation dmsp 3 defense meteorological satellite program block 3 was retroactively assigned to this satellite. With the ols vis band data it is possible to detect clouds illuminated by moonlight, plus lights from cities, towns, industrial sites, gas flares, and ephemeral events such as fires and lightningilluminated clouds. Developed for the detection of clouds using moonlight. Search and download data for various dmsp satellites and their time frames.
Version 4 of the dmsp ols nighttime lights time series consists of cloudfree composites made using all the available archived dmsp ols smooth resolution data for calendar years. At ngdc, ols data are decompressed, reordered, restructured and deinterleaved. Program operational line scanner dmspols nighttime light data in. For each country, extract the 2009 globcover data and calculate associated ntl intensity values for each grid cell in 2010. Urban mapping using dmspols stable nighttime light. Defense meteorological satellite program dmsp office. The defense meteorological program dmsp operational linescan system ols has a unique capability to detect visible and nearinfrared vnir emission sources at night. Operational line scan ols derived lightning data sets. Our goal is to help you understand what a file with a. National oceanic and atmospheric administration noaa national geophysical data center ngdc. Visible infrared imaging radiometer suite viirs earthdata. Visible and infrared imagery from dmsp operational linescan system ols instruments are used to monitor the global distribution. The single dsap3 defense satellite application program block 3 was a modified dsap2 satellite to provide experimental tactical access to weather data, for which a tactical readout station was built near saigon. The gis lab is committed to provide gis data for the state of illinois and the u.
Image and data processing by noaas national geophysical data center. Nighttime lights payne institute for public policy. Elvidge 2 1 dipartimento di astronomia padova, italy, 2 office of the director, noaa national geophysical data center, boulder, co monthly notices of the royal astronomical society, 323, 3446 2001. The latest data is available at earth in the night from space. In addition to moonlit clouds, the ols also detects lights from human settlements, fires, gas flares, heavily lit fishing boats, lightning and the aurora. Upward flux data have been obtained from the operational linescan system ols carried by the u. Naked eye star visibility and limiting magnitude mapped from dmsp ols satellite data download pdf 1. Defense meteorological satellite program air force space. Since the mid1960s, when the department of defense dod initiated the defense meteorological satellite program dmsp, low, earthorbiting satellites have provided the military with important environmental information. Pdf a new fusion approach for extracting urban builtup. Pdf intercalibration between dmspols and viirs night. The nighttime lights of the world data set is compiled from the october 1994 march 1995 dmsp nighttime data collected when. A robust method to generate a consistent time series from dmsp ols nighttime light data.
Dmsp nighttime lights are available in annual composites by default. Defense meteorological satellite program dmsp the defense meteorological satellite program dmsp satellites collect visible and infrared cloud imagery as well as monitoring the atmospheric, oceanographic, hydrologic, cryospheric and nearearth space environments. Previous studies demonstrated that dmsp ols stable nighttime light data are useful data source for delineating urban areas. Mapping urban co2 emissions using dmspols city lights. Why viirs data are superior to dmsp for mapping nighttime. Suomi npp is the result of a partnership between nasa, noaa, and. In cases where two satellites were collecting data, two composites were produced. Read more about viirs corrected reflectance imagery.
The nighttime lights of the world data set was complied from defense meteorological satellite program dmsp data spanning october 1994. The defense meteorological satellite program dmsp operational linescan system ols has a unique lowlight imaging capability, developed for the detection of clouds using moonlight. Davis, mapping city lights with nighttime data from the dmsp operational linescan system, photogrammetry and remote sensing, vol. This collection contains global nighttime lights images with no sensor saturation. We strive for 100% accuracy and only publish information about file formats that we have tested and validated. Mapping urban co 2 emissions using dmsp ols city lights satellite data in china. The image was produced by mosaicking defense meteorlogical satellite program dmsp operational linescan system ols satellite images. Defense meteorological satellite program dmsp data. The national snow and ice data center nsidc has maintained the archives of analog ols data since 1979.
Elsevier a technique for using composite dmsp ols city lights satellite data to map urban area marc l. Quantitative estimation of urbanization dynamics using. The dmsp program maintains a constellation of sunsynchronous, nearpolar orbiting satellites. Air force defense meteorological satellite program dmsp satellites. Dmsp defense meteorological satellite program is a longterm operational meteorological program of the us dod department of defense, managed by the usaf and operated by the 6th satellite operations group at offutt afb air force base, nebraska. The operational linescan system ols flown on the defense meteorological satellite program dmsp satellites, has a unique capability to record low light imaging data at night worldwide. Version 4 dmsp ols nighttime lights time series the files are cloudfree composites made using all the available archived dmsp ols smooth resolution data for calendar years. Visible and infrared imagery from dmsp operational linescan system ols instruments are used to monitor the global distribution of clouds and cloud top temperatures twice each day. Tabulate ntl intensity values for pixels belonging to the urban and nonurban globcover classes, and run a histogram analysis on the data. Mission the defense meteorological satellite program dmsp has been collecting weather data for u.
Air force secretary unveils final dmsp satellite at smc. Nightlights v4 199220 dmspols nighttime lights time series average. Each dmsp satellite has a 101 minute orbit and provides global coverage twice per day. Dmsp ols operational linescan system metadata updated. The quantitative relationship between longterm nighttime light signals and urbanization variables, required for extensive application of dmsp ols data for estimating and projecting the trajectory of urban development, however, are not well addressed for individual cities at a local scale. The defense meteorological satellite program dmsp satellites collect visible and infrared cloud imagery as well as monitoring the atmospheric, oceanographic, hydrologic, cryospheric and nearearth space environments. This article mainly used ols shimmer data from dmsp f18 satellite covering the pacific northwest ocean and estimated the quantity of squid jigging fishing vessels close to the terminator to expound. So the squid fishing vessels can be detected by the sensor of operational linescan system ols on defense meteorological satellite program dmsp. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Each dmsp satellite has a 101 minute, sunsynchronous nearpolar orbit at an altitude of 830km above the surface of the earth.893 129 1417 1570 140 199 987 477 1406 287 963 261 971 1049 58 1564 681 694 1063 1082 1001 1085 1055 1305 1283 788 748 891 1472 477 772 760 13 660 1498 1262 549 131