The ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra together form the urinary tract, which acts as a plumbing system to drain urine from the kidneys, store it, and then release it during urination. Why is there so much adipose tissue around the kidneys and. Test yourself where is the micturation center in the brain which of the following is found exclusively in the renal medulla. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Urinary system maintains fluid homeostasis including. Chapter 1 gross anatomy and cell biology of the lower urinary tract. Renal cortex outer region of the kidneys where most enthrones is located. Urine produced in the kidneys is drained into a cavity known as the renal pelvis basin, and then it is channeled from each kidney via long ductsthe uretersto the. Your urinary tract helps get rid of urine your bodys liquid waste. The kidneys collect chemicals and water your body doesnt need. Start studying bio 207l faulk exercise 40 anatomy of the urinary system. Identify all indicated structures or portions of structures on the diagrammatic view of the male reproductive system below. May 11, 2020 the urinary system is a remarkably efficient machine, responsible for the production, transport, storage and excretion of urine not to mention its role in filtering the blood, maintaining blood volume, blood pressure, blood ph and.
The big picture gross anatomy pdf 2nd edition free download. Renal cortex outer region of the kidneys where most nephrons is. Describe the gross anatomy of the kidney and its coverings. Inferior vena cava adrenal gland f41liz iliac crest. The paired kidneys lie on either side of the vertebral column below the diaphragm and liver. Part 2 of 8 in a lecture on the urinary system in a flipped human anatomy course taught by wendy riggs. The urinary system s function is to filter blood and create urine as a waste byproduct.
The former gives rise to the ureter, the pelvis, the calices and the collecting duct system, while the latter develops into the renal tubules, and then the nephrons. The ovaries are responsible for housing and releasing the ova, or eggs, necessary for reproduction. The ovaries are paired organs located on either side of the uterus within the mesovarium portion of the broad ligament below the uterine tubes. Urine contains water, nitrogenous wastes, foreign substances, excess ions, etc. Gross anatomy articulations and movement receptor responses and membrane potentials muscular system. Urinary system gross anatomy and histology dr laxman khanal assistant professor department of anatomy mbbs 2nd year 01012017 2. The urine produced by the kidneys goes through the ureters. Print gross anatomy of the urinary system worksheet 1. Anatomy of the female urinary tract saint lukes health. The organs of the urinary system include the kidneys, renal pelvis, ureters, bladder and urethra. Urinary 1 checklist gross anatomy of the urinary system urinary system the urinary system consists of two kidneys, two ureters, the urinary bladder, and the urethra. Each kidney weighs about 125175 g in males and 115155 g in females. Mcminn and abrahams clinical atlas of human anatomy 7th edition pdf.
Urine travels out of the kidneys through the ureters to the bladder. The mammalian urinary tract is a contiguous holloworgan system whose primary function is to collect, transport, store, and expel urine periodically and in a highly coordinated fashion 1, 2. Complete the labeling of the diagram to correctly identify the urinary system organs. Anatomy of the urinary system kidneys a pair of bean shaped organs located retroperitoneally, responsible for blood filtering and urine formation. Match the appropriate structure in column b to its description in column a. The kidneys also regulate blood volume, blood ion concentrations, and blood ph. Gross anatomy of the human urinary system exercise 1. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra. Gross anatomy of the urinary system tutorial sophia learning.
It also controls the levels of electrolytes and metabolites in body fluids and regulates blood ph. Once the bladder is full, the urine exits the body via the urethra. At birth, a female has approximately 12 million eggs, but only 300 of these eggs ever mature and are. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, two ureters, the urinary bladder, and the urethra. Describe the external and internal anatomical structure of the kidney. Gross structure of the urinary system human physiology. The urinary system removes wastes from the body and regulates blood volume and blood pressure. Articles here youll find a range of short articles on basic anatomy and physiology topics, complete with a few test yourself questions for each one images and pdf s just in case you get tired of looking at the screen weve provided images and pdf files that you can print out and use for offline. The beanshaped kidneys lie in a retroperitoneal position be. When considering events from the microscopic to the.
In so doing, the urinary tract ensures the elimination of metabolic products and toxic wastes generated in the kidneys. Retroperitoneal, as are ureters and urinary bladder. Functional anatomy of the urinary system gross anatomy of the human urinary system 1. The left kidney is located at about the t12 to l3 vertebrae, whereas the right is lower due to slight displacement by the liver. It is also a major homeostatic organ because it maintains the electrolyte, 2. Summary 19 gross anatomy and cell biology of the lowerurinary tract j. During micturition urination, urine leaves the bladder through the urethra. The kidneys are responsible for the actual process of blood filtration.
Describe the structure of the urinary bladder and its relations to the peritoneum. This concept of anatomy and physiology should be learned and understood be able to explain the basis for the study before continuing. Gross anatomy of urinary system linkedin slideshare. Anatomy and physiology of urinary system urinary tract infection kidney infection bladder infection bladder cancer bladder infection symptoms urine infection human body parts urinary tract. Describe the anatomical structure of the ureterand its location in the body. Anatomy and physiology of urinary system free download as powerpoint presentation. The kidneys filter the blood to remove wastes and produce urine. Gross internal anatomy of the pig or sheep kidney 6. Blood flows through the kidneys as they filter out waste such as urea. Chapter 1 gross anatomy and cell biology of the lower. Anatomy of the urinary system johns hopkins medicine. What is the function of the fat cushion that surrounds the kidneys in life. Anatomy of urinary systemdr laxman khanalbpkihs070620 2. Upper portions of the kidneys are somewhat protected by the eleventh and twelfth ribs figure 1.
Bio 207l faulk exercise 40 anatomy of the urinary system. The kidney consists of millions of functional units called nephrons. Urinary system quizzes and labeled diagrams kenhub. This tutorial covers the gross anatomy of the urinary system. Kidneys the kidneys are the major excretory organs of the body, removing waste products from the blood. Identify the major functions of the urinary system. In this section weve added a few alternative study aids to help you along.
The kidneys lie against the posterior abdominal wall at the level of vertebrae t12 to l3. Gross anatomy surface anatomy anatomy that we can see at the surface of the body everyday life regional anatomy complete anatomy internal of a specific region of the body learning every blood vessel, muscle, bones, etc. The body takes nutrients from food and converts them to energy. Each adult kidney weighs about 160 g and is about 11 cm 4 in. Identify all indicated structures or portions of structures on the diagrammatic view of the male reproductive system.
Since the male and female urethras are different, be sure you examine models with both male and female genitalia. Components of urinary system two kidneys perform all functions except actual excretion. Contact u of m privacy the university of minnesota is an equal. The papillae are bundles of collecting ducts that transport urine made by nephrons to the calyces. The kidney is referred to as an excretory organ because it excretes 1 wastes. The urine leaves the kidneys through the ureters, and is stored in the bladder. Our study of the human body will begin with an overview of microscopic and then proceed to the gross anatomy of each organ system. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. Anatomyexcretory system science olympiad student center. Urinary system excretion and ph balance gross anatomy of the urinary system. Internal micro anatomy nephron the functional unit of kidney three physiological processes. Brs gross anatomy 9th edition pdf download usmlematerials. The urinary system consists of two kidneys, two ureters, one bladder, and one urethra.
Free anatomy quiz the physiology of the urinary system. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra, which filter blood and subsequently produce, transport, store, and intermittently excrete urine liquid waste by eliminating fluid and waste, the urinary system regulates important physiological parameters, such are blood volume and consequently the blood pressure, the ph of the blood by eliminating acids and. Renal capsule a layer of fibrous connective tissue covering the kidneys. It then waits in the urinary bladder, until it goes out through the urethra.1081 478 1342 1389 344 1285 1101 607 543 1249 157 657 905 847 466 53 841 564 1161 403 348 405 965 47 1379 329 1023 1484 812 927 88 1428 1224 536 672 24 70 288 508