For example, an inverse laplace transform is not given by the same formula. Elle tire son nom du mathematicien adrienmarie legendre. The legendre transformation connects two ways of specifying the same physics, via. En thermodynamique, plusieurs fonctions detat peuvent lui etre associees, selon les variables detat les mieux. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Ordinarily, the inverse of a transformation is distinct from the transform itself. Cours, t exercice, examens, livres filiere smppdf a telecharger. Thermodynamique classique les pages personnelles au lal. Legendre transformation in more than one dimension for a differentiable realvalued function on an open subset u of r n the legendre conjugate of the pair u, f is defined to be the pair v, g, where v is the image of u under the gradient mapping d f, and g is the function on v. Les principales transformations thermodynamiques 1. Ainsi, pour une transformation adiabatique, letat dequilibre. Use of legendre transforms in chemical thermodynamics iupac technical report abstract. Legendre transforms mark alford, 20190215 1 introduction to legendre transforms if you know basic thermodynamics or classical mechanics, then you are already familiar with the legendre transformation, perhaps without realizing it. In mathematics and physics, the legendre transformation, named after adrienmarie legendre, is an involutive transformation on the realvalued convex functions of one real variable.
The fundamental equation of thermodynamics for the internal energy u may include terms for various types of work and involves only differentials of. In thermodynamics, it is usual to employ a slight variant, di ering by a sign from the usual legendre transform. In reality, the different ways to describe the system that differ by a legendre transformation are equally fundamental or equally natural so its often useful to be familiar with all of them and to know what is the relationship between them. The relationship is given by the legendre transformation. Legendre, via les trois types dinterpretations minimum, enveloppe, tangente. For example, transformed chemical potentials are useful in biochemistry because it. Legendre transform is a linear change in variables in which one or more products of conjugate variables are subtracted from the internal energy to define a new thermodynamic potential 216. On sinteresse en thermodynamique aux transformations dun systeme et, le plus sou vent, aux. In particular, we consider the symmetries associated with the inverse legendre transform, extreme values, and derivative relations.639 755 952 76 335 98 410 1216 540 1444 1130 1222 106 1537 113 887 1305 322 1604 167 1249 1238 1561 1233 1310 1281 839 1420 726 283 802 1442 65 1227